Book of the Week 13: I Chronicles

Hebrew Name: Davari Hayamim - Aleph 

Human Author: Unknown (Possibly Ezra)             

OT or NT: Old Testament 

Number of Chapters: 29

Basic Facts

  1. I Chronicles is the thirteenth book of the Bible.
  2. I Chronicles is classified as a book of history.
  3. I Chronicles and II Chronicles were originally one book.
  4. The Hebrew name for I Chronicles is Davari Hayamim – Aleph, which means “Word of the Ages – One.”
  5. The Greek name for I Chronicles is Paraleipomenon Alpha, which means “the things omitted, left over – one.”

Story of the Book

The story of I Chronicles, in many ways, parallels the story of II Samuel. As a result, the lessons and foreshadowing of Christ in I Chronicles are in many ways similar to the story of II Samuel. Some scholars have theorized that I and II Samuel and I and II Kings were written before the Babylonian exile when some of Israel/Judah was still in the promised land, and I and II Chronicles were written after the exile. I Chronicles begins with a genealogy beginning with Adam and continuing up through the names of the exiles who returned to the promised land from Babylon. I Chronicles then proceeds to tell the story of the life of king David including the following:

  • David being anointed as king over Israel
  • David bringing the Ark of the Covenant into Jerusalem
  • David’s military achievements
  • David’s preparations for building the first temple in Jerusalem

I Chronicles ends with king David’s death and Solomon’s anointing as king over all Israel (Solomon’s anointing includes God exalting Solomon as king).

Jesus Foreshadowed in I Chronicles

Jesus is foreshadowed in I Chronicles in a similar way to the book of II Samuel. In I Chronicles 17:13-15, God promises to David that He will establish the throne of Solomon forever. This promise was contingent upon Solomon’s obedience as spelled out in II Samuel 7. From history, we know that Solomon’s royal line ceased to reign when the last king of Judah was carried off into exile to Babylon in 586 B.C. However, the royal line of David survived the exile and returned to the promised land. The descendants of this royal line who survived eventually led to the birth of Jesus Christ. Jesus fulfilled God’s promise to establish the throne of David forever by being raised from the dead. Now Jesus Christ reigns in heaven at the right hand of the Father forever and is the only candidate to fulfill the promise of God given to Solomon the son of David in I Chronicles 17:13-15 (II Samuel 7:16; I Kings 9:5; Luke 1:33; Revelation 11:15). I Chronicles ends with the death of king David with his son Solomon established on the throne of Israel. Even though the line of kings would fail due to Israel/Judah’s disobedience to God, the promise of I Chronicles 17:13-15 would ultimately be fulfilled by the Messiah eternally in the person of Jesus Christ