Book of the Week 40: Matthew

Greek Name: KATA MATHTHAION

Human Author: Matthew                                        

OT or NT: New Testament

Number of Chapters: 28

Basic Facts

  1. Matthew is the fortieth book of the Bible and the first book of the New Testament.
  2. In terms of literary genre, Matthew is classified as a Gospel.
  3. The Greek name for the book of Matthew is KATA MATHTHAION, which means “according to Matthew.”
  4. While many scholars believe the entire New Testament was originally written in Greek, it is possible that the book of Matthew had an Aramaic original.
  5. Along with Mark and Luke, Matthew is considered one of the Synoptic Gospels.

Story of the Book

Matthew covers a full account of Jesus Christ as the Messiah including Jesus’ lineage, life, youth, ministry, miracles, teachings, prophetic fulfillments, parables, and a full account of His atoning work including His arrest, trial, crucifixion, death, burial, and resurrection. The book begins with a lengthy genealogy of Jesus and continues with stories of Jesus’ birth, youth, an account of the life and ministry of John the Baptist, Jesus being tempted in the wilderness by Satan, the sermon on the mount, and many stories about Jesus’ miracles and teachings. The book ends dramatically with an account of Jesus’ betrayal, arrest, trial, conviction, crucifixion, death, burial, and resurrection. The book ends with the resurrected Jesus commanding His disciples to make disciples of all nations and promising to be with them to the very end of the age.

Fulfillments by Jesus in Matthew

Matthew records the ways in which Jesus fulfills many Old Testament prophecies in order to demonstrate that Jesus Christ is the Messiah. Jesus fulfills too many prophecies in Matthew to mention them all here. Nevertheless, here are a few examples of prophecies about the Messiah which Jesus fulfilled in order to demonstrate His identity as the Messiah:

  • Jesus is descended from the royal line of king David (Isaiah 11:1; Matthew 1:1-17). 
  • Jesus was born of a virgin and called Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23).
  • Jesus is preceded by an Elijah figure in John the Baptist (Malachi 4:5-6; Matthew 11:1-15). 
  • Jesus is the light that has dawned in the land of Zebulun and Naphtali (Isaiah 9:1-2; Matthew 4:12-17). 
  • Jesus is the one who took our illnesses and diseases (Isaiah 53:4; Matthew 7:14-17). 
  • Jesus is the king who came to Jerusalem on a donkey and a colt (Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:1-5). 
  • Jesus is the stone that the builders rejected that became the chief cornerstone (Psalm 118:22-23; Matthew 21:42).
  • The story of Jesus’ atoning death fulfills the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16; Matthew 27:32-28:20).
  • Jesus is the Son of God under whom God will place all rule and authority (Psalm 110:1; Matthew 22:44).

After Jesus is resurrected, He proclaims that all authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Him. Jesus uses this authority to command His disciples to make disciples of all nations in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. By these proofs and many more, Matthew proclaims Jesus to be the Messiah and the Son of God.