Book of the Week 42: Luke

Greek Name: KATA LOUKAN

Human Author: Luke                                                          

OT or NT: New Testament

Number of Chapters: 24

Basic Facts

  1. Luke is the forty-second book of the Bible.
  2. In terms of literary genre, Luke is classified as a gospel.
  3. The Greek name for the book of Luke is KATA LOUKAN which means “according to Luke.”
  4. The Gospel of Luke is the first part of a two-part series, with the book of Acts as a sequel.
  5. Along with Matthew and Mark, Luke is considered one of the synoptic gospels.

Story of the Book

The story of Luke is a detailed account of the life and ministry of Jesus Christ, which is followed by the book of Acts which gives a detailed account of the actions of the Apostles and the early church. Luke-Acts (a name for the two-part series containing the books of Luke and Acts) is written in the form of a letter or account addressed to Theophilus. The book begins with the birth of John the Baptist and continues with an account of the birth of Jesus. The book continues with the dedication of Jesus in the Temple, His childhood, the ministry of John the Baptist, and then a lengthy genealogy tracing Jesus’ lineage all the way from Jesus back to Adam. The book continues with a detailed account of Jesus’ life, ministry, teachings, miracles, and parables. The last several chapters of Luke give a detailed account of Jesus’ final arrival in Jerusalem, the Last Supper/Passover, Jesus’ arrest, trial, beatings, crucifixion, death, burial, and resurrection. After the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, Jesus appears to some of His followers on the road to Emmaus and to His disciples. The book ends as Jesus ascends into heaven and His disciples return to the Temple, praising God for the things which they had seen and heard.

Fulfillments by Jesus in Luke

The fulfillments Jesus brings are recorded in the Book of Luke to demonstrate Jesus’ miraculous power and identity as the Messiah. The ways in which Jesus fulfills prophecy in the book of Luke are too numerous to mention them all. Never the less, here are some examples of prophecies about the Messiah which were fulfilled by Jesus in order to demonstrate His identity: Jesus was born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14; Luke 2:34-35), Jesus as Messiah was preceded by an Elijah figure in the person of John the Baptist who would prepare the way of the LORD (Isaiah 40:3-5; Micah 4:5-6; Luke 3:1-6), Jesus was descended from the royal line of king David (II Samuel 7:12-16; Isaiah 11:1; Luke 3:23-38), Jesus performed many miracles by making the deaf hear, the blind see, the lame walk, and the dead were raised (Isaiah 35:1-5; Luke 7:18-23), and Jesus often taught in parables to produce the result Isaiah predicted (Isaiah 6:9; Luke 8:9-10). There are many more examples of how Jesus demonstrated His identity as the Messiah, these are just a few examples. Beyond fulfilling prophecy, God the Father vindicated the cause of Jesus by raising Him from the dead. Through the atoning work of Jesus, we who have faith in Him can receive forgiveness of sins through His blood shed on the cross. Luke gives a detailed account of the life of Jesus in Luke and continues his testimony of the early church in the book of Acts.